— Areas We Cover —

  • Conspiracies in Restraint of Trade

    Restraint of trade is an economic injury that involves interfering with another person’s ability to do business freely.  Restraint of trade is part of antitrust law, but the topic covers a wide range of activities. In short, a “restraint of trade” is any activity that hinders someone else from doing business in the way that he would normally do it if there were no restraints.

  • Refusals to deal/group boycotts

    A group boycott is a type of restraint of trade in which two or more competitors refuse to conduct business with a firm so as to drive it out of business or to coerce it to cease doing business with an actual or potential competitor of the firms conducting the boycott.

  • Price Fixing

    Price fixing is an agreement (written, verbal, or inferred from conduct) among competitors that raises, lowers, or stabilizes prices or competitive terms. Generally, the antitrust laws require that each company establish prices and other terms on its own, without agreeing with a competitor.

  • Monopolies

    A monopoly occurs when a single company acquires all or nearly all of a market for a product or service by means other than legitimate competition, which generally means by conduct other than offering better products or lower prices. A monopoly is characterized by an absence of competition, which often results in higher prices and inferior products.

  • Attempts to Monopolize

    An attempt to monopolize is an effort by a single firm to acquire a monopoly by means other than legitimate competition. The firm need not have actually acquired a monopoly as long as there is a reasonable probability that its efforts will result in a monopoly.

  • Conspiracy to Monopolize

    A conspiracy to monopolize involves two or more firms who agree to acquire a monopoly in any part of trade or commerce. Unlike monopolization or attempted monopolization, a conspiracy to monopolize requires two or more firms.